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 Pregled glagolskih vremena u engleskom jeziku
 

Glagolsko vrijeme

A-Pozitivno
N-Negativno
Q - Upino

Kada se koristi

Simple Present

A: He speaks.
N: He does not speak.
Q: Does he speak?

action in the present taking place once, never or several times
actions taking place one after another
action set by a timetable or schedule

Present Continous

A: He is speaking.
N: He is not speaking.
Q: Is he speaking?

action taking place in the moment of speaking
action taking place only for a limited period of time
action arranged for the future

Simple Past

A: He spoke.
N: He did not speak.
Q: Did he speak?

action in the past taking place once, never or several times
actions taking place one after another
action taking place in the middle of another action

Past Continous

A: He was speaking.
N: He was not speaking.
Q: Was he speaking?

action going on at a certain time in the past
actions taking place at the same time
action in the past that is interrupted by another action

Present Perfect Simple

A: He has spoken.
N: He has not spoken.
Q: Has he spoken?

putting emphasis on the result
action that is still going on
action that stopped recently
finished action that has an influence on the present
action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking

Present Perfect Continuous

A: He has been speaking.
N: He has not been speaking.
Q: Has he been speaking?

putting emphasis on the course or duration (not the result)
action that recently stopped or is still going on
finished action that influenced the present

Past Perfect Simple

A: He had spoken.
N: He had not spoken.
Q: Had he spoken?

action taking place before a certain time in the past
sometimes interchangeable with past perfect progressive
putting emphasis only on the fact (not the duration)

Past Perfect Continuous

A: He had been speaking.
N: He had not been speaking.
Q: Had he been speaking?

action taking place before a certain time in the past
sometimes interchangeable with past perfect simple
putting emphasis on the duration or course of an action

Future I Simple

A: He will speak.
N: He will not speak. 
Q: Will he speak?

action in the future that cannot be influenced
spontaneous decision
assumption with regard to the future

Future I Simple
(going to)

A: He is going to speak.
N: He is not going to speak.
Q: Is he going to speak?

decision made for the future
conclusion with regard to the future

Future I Progressive

A: He will be speaking.
N: He will not be speaking.
Q: Will he be speaking?

action that is going on at a certain time in the future
action that is sure to happen in the near future

Future II Simple

A: He will have spoken.
N: He will not have spoken.
Q: Will he have spoken?

action that will be finished at a certain time in the future

Future II Progressive

A: He will have been speaking.
N: He will not have been speaking.
Q: Will he have been speaking?

action taking place before a certain time in the future
putting emphasis on the course of an action

Conditional I Simple

A: He would speak.
N: He would not speak.
Q: Would he speak?

action that might take place

Conditional I Continuous

A: He would be speaking.
N: He would not be speaking.
Q: Would he be speaking?

action that might take place
putting emphasis on the course / duration of the action

Conditional II Simple

A: He would have spoken.
N: He would not have spoken.
Q: Would he have spoken?

action that might have taken place in the past

Conditional II Continuous

A: He would have been speaking.
N: He would not have been speaking.
Q: Would he have been speaking?

action that might have taken place in the past
puts emphasis on the course / duration of the action